Nikola Tesla – A Scientist and Engineer

Posted on July 14, 2010  Comments (5)

Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) was born an ethnic Serb in the village of Smiljan, in the Austrian Empire (today’s Croatia), he was a subject of the Austrian Empire by birth and later became an American citizen. Nikoka Tesla studied electrical engineering at Technical University at Graz, Austria, and the University of Prague.

Tesla’s patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor, which helped usher in the Second Industrial Revolution.

In 1882 he moved to Paris, to work as an engineer for the Continental Edison Company, designing improvements to electric equipment brought overseas from Edison’s ideas.
According to his autobiography, in the same year he conceived the induction motor and began developing various devices that use rotating magnetic fields for which he received patents in 1888.

He emigrated to the United States in 1884 and sold the patent rights to his system of alternating-current dynamos, transformers, and motors to George Westinghouse the following year.

In 1887, Tesla began investigating what would later be called X-rays using his own single terminal vacuum tubes.

Tesla introduced his motors and electrical systems in a classic paper, “A New System of Alternating Current Motors and Transformers” which he delivered before the American Institute of Electrical Engineers in 1888. One of the most impressed was the industrialist and inventor George Westinghouse.

The Tesla coil, which he invented in 1891, is widely used today in radio and television sets and other electronic equipment. Among his discoveries are the fluorescent light , laser beam, wireless communications, wireless transmission of electrical energy, remote control, robotics, Tesla’s turbines and vertical take off aircraft. Tesla is the father of the radio and the modern electrical transmissions systems. He registered over 700 patents worldwide. His vision included exploration of solar energy and the power of the sea. He foresaw interplanetary communications and satellites.

“Within a few years a simple and inexpensive device, readily carried about, will enable one to receive on land or sea the principal news, to hear a speech, a lecture, a song or play of a musical instrument, conveyed from any other region of the globe.” – Nikola Tesla, “The Transmission of Electrical Energy without wires as a means for furthering Peace” in Electrical World and Engineer (7 January 1905)

“Money does not represent such a value as men have placed upon it. All my money has been invested into experiments with which I have made new discoveries enabling mankind to have a little easier life.” – Nikola Tesla

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5 Responses to “Nikola Tesla – A Scientist and Engineer”

  1. Brian H.
    July 14th, 2010 @ 3:38 pm

    As part Serbian, I have always loved the genius of Tesla. It’s sad that most people will only associate his name with an electric car. : (

  2. ilanlar
    July 20th, 2010 @ 3:59 am

    “Money does not represent such a value as men have placed upon it…
    I like Nikola Tesla

  3. Anonymous
    July 22nd, 2010 @ 12:28 pm

    Thank you curiouscat. beautiful video 🙂

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    October 23rd, 2010 @ 6:15 pm

    […] Nikola Tesla, A Scientist and Engineer – What is an Engineer? – Statistics Insights for Scientists and Engineers – […]

  5. Anonymous
    April 24th, 2013 @ 5:25 pm

    Always love to hear more about Tesla and what he offered mankind in his extreme efforts to stay the course of science (and not business!). He was quite the smart man and offered us so much.

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